Poliovirus is a virus that causes the medical condition polio
. The virus is a single-stranded RNA virus from the family Picornaviridae
and genus enterovirus
. Poliovirus only infects humans and is more common during summer months in temperate climates. In tropical climates, there is no seasonal pattern. The poliovirus is rapidly inactivated by heat, formaldehyde, chlorine, and ultraviolet light.
Polio is also known as:
Poliovirus and Other Enteroviruses
Enteroviruses are named because of their ability to infect the gastrointestinal tract and to shed into the feces. Enteroviruses can cause varying temporary or permanent damage, including:
There are more than 70 types of enteroviruses. The most common enteroviruses that infect humans include:
There are three subtypes of poliovirus (known as serotypes), which include: P1, P2, and P3.