The symptoms of post-polio syndrome can vary in number and severity between different people with the condition. Some patients experience only minor symptoms of post-polio syndrome, while others develop more severe symptoms.
Common post-polio syndrome symptoms can include:
- Slowly progressive muscle weakness
- Loss of muscle
- Unaccustomed fatigue
- Joint pain
- Increasing skeletal deformities such as scoliosis.
In order to make a diagnosis of post-polio syndrome, the doctor will ask the patient a number of questions, perform a physical exam, and recommend certain tests looking for signs and symptoms of post-polio syndrome. Some of these tests may include:
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Computed tomography (CT)
- Neuroimaging tests
- Electromyography (EMG).
These tests can help diagnose post-polio syndrome (or even another medical condition), but they do not identify survivors at greatest risk for new progression of muscle weakness.
Before making a diagnosis, the doctor will also consider other medical conditions that can share similar symptoms with post-polio syndrome. Some of these conditions include:
Currently, there is no cure for post-polio syndrome. Therefore, treatment is focused on relieving the symptoms. Some treatment options for this condition include lifestyle changes and support. Research scientists continue to actively look for other post-polio treatment options.